Speeches and Statements
Ujamaa - The Basis of African Socialism, Julius K. Nyerere
The purpose of this paper is to examine that attitude. It is not intended to define the institutions which may be required to embody it in a modern society.
In the individual, as in the society, it is an attitude of mind which distinguishes the socialist from the non-socialist. It has nothing to do with the possession or non-possession of wealth.
Destitute people can be potential capitalists - exploiters of their fellow human beings. A millionaire can equally well be a socialist; he may value his wealth only because it can be used in the service of his fellow men. But the man who uses wealth for the purpose of dominating any of his fellows is a capitalist. So is the man who would if he could!
Full Speech / Statement:
"Capitalism means that the masses will work, and a few people - who may not labor at all - will benefit from that work. The few will sit down to a banquet, and the masses will eat whatever is left over."
From a speech written by Julius Kambarage Nyerere, The Rational Choice given on 2 January 1973 in Khartoum.