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Speeches and Statements

Speech By President Nelson Mandela at a Banquet in Honour of Julius Nyerere

Speech By President Nelson Mandela at a Banquet in Honour of Julius Nyerere, Johannesburg, 17 October 1997
Master of Ceremonies; Mwalimu Julius Nyerere; Mr Nicky Oppenheimer; Honoured guests;

It is a great pleasure to share in this occasion honouring one of Africa's great patriots.

It is a humbling experience to recall the contribution that Mwalimu Nyerere has made to the liberation of our continent, and to freedom in South Africa.

This is the freedom fighter who heard Chief Luthuli's appeal and joined Trevor Huddleston in launching the Anti-Apartheid Movement in Britain in 1959; a leader whose decisive intervention at the Commonwealth Conference after the Sharpeville Massacre led to the exclusion of apartheid South Africa.

Nyerere Speech at UN Trusteeship Council in 1998

Speech by Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere at the Opening Ceremony of the Second Meeting of the Council of Representatives at the U.N. Trusteeship Council in New York on the 21st September 1998
Council of Representatives of the South Centre. We are honoured by the presence of our distinguished guests -President Mandela and Minister Al Atas, whom I warmly welcome and thank for finding some time in their very busy schedules to be able to be with us here.

During the next two years the Council will be exploring in detail the work accomplished and the experience gained during the last three years and it will chart the future course of the Centre. At this opening session, and in the presence of our distinguished leaders from South, I would like to stress the political and practical significance of the South Centre.

Today, we in the South live and operate in an external economic and political environment which profoundly affects and limits our situation and our choices and economic and social environment is not .'God given". It is "man made", and those who design it and run it happen to be the powerful from the North.

Speech by the late Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere to parliament members of the South Africa

Madam Speaker and, I think I may say, Comrade President and Comrade Vice President, ladies and gentlemen. I have told you already how I felt when you asked me to come and talk here. And then I got the message that you were coming. Of course, I am happy you are here, but what do I say in your presence in this House? This is not my first time here. I have been here before and I have thanked you, but I must thank you again. For me to come here to this Chamber and address you is a dream which you have helped me to make true. How could any one of us have thought that it would be possible for me or people of my type to come to this country and speak from a forum like this? So, Mr. President, and all your colleagues, I say thank you very much for making this possible.
J.K.Nyerere, Cape Town 16th October 1997 - Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere:-

Now, as for sharing my thoughts with you: my thoughts, unfortunately, don't change, so a lot of what I am going to say some of you will have heard before, but some of you have not. I am going to say two things about Africa. One, that Africa south of the Sahara is an isolated region of the world. That's the first thing I want to say. The second thing I want to say is that Africa south of the Sahara is not what it is believed to be because Africa is now changing. So let me see if I can share those thoughts with you in a very short period.

Africa south of the Sahara is an isolated region of the world. During the last ten years, since my retirement as head of state of my country, I was asked, and I agreed, to establish something called the South Commission. That has meant a lot of travelling. I have been many times to Latin America, many times to Asia, many times to many parts of Africa before coming here, and many times to a large number of countries in Europe.

Farewell Speech by the President, Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere Nov. 1985

Farewell Speech by the President, Mwalimu Julius K. Nyerere, at the Diamond Jubilee Hill Par es Salaam: 4th November 1985
During the long period during which I have had the good fortune to lead our country, I have made very many speeches to Tanzanians. Today, in my last speech as President of the United Republic, I have only one extra thing to say.

To every one of you individually, to all people organised together in villages, in cooperatives, in professions, in voluntary organisations contributing to our development, to all honest workers in Government and Parastatals - to everybody - I say thank you very much.

Since we began to govern ourselves I have been the leader, first of Tanganyika, and then of the United Republic of Tanzania. Time and again you have re-elected me and thus expressed your continued confidence in my ability to do the job you needed done. And in the last few weeks you have paid many tributes to my work as President of our country. You have forgiven, even if perhaps you have not forgotten, my many mistakes of commission and commission.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment farewell_speech_diamond_jubilee_1985.pdf

Speeches of J.K. Nyerere in the UK, 1985

My Lord Mayor, Your Excellencies, My Lords, Aldermen, Sheriffs, Ladies and Gentlemen.
First of all, I want to congratulate you on your Swahili performance. And secondly I want to thank you for your warm welcome and the nice things you have said about myself and my country in your own speech.

At the conclusion of my speech in the Guildhall in 1975, I said that Tanzania was too poor not to pay its debts. In the face of my country's large overdue external payments a considerable proportion of which are due to the United Kingdom I repeat: that statement. But the experience of trying to do business with a chaotic world during the past ten years means that I can no longer stop there.

Tanzania is an underdeveloped country in a poor and underdeveloped continent. During the 1960s most cf Africa's newly independent countries including Tanzania made a promising start in economic progress. In the 1970s, and especially the last half of the decade, we ran into difficulty; the 1980s have so far been a period of economic disaster. Almost every African country is in trouble regardless of its political or economic ideology.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment speech_in_the_UK_1985.pdf

Speech to the Parliament by Mwalimu Nyerere 1985

Mr. Speaker; Honourable Members of Parliament.

Today, as it is the last time I shall be addressing this House, I propose to look at some of the things which we have done since I was first entrusted with the task of leading our independent country. 1 want to look at these in the context of the objectives we set ourselves in 1961, 1962, and 1964. I wish, through you, to offer an account to the people who have so consistently re-elected me to lead this country. And I wish to indicate my own provisional assessment of those national achievements and problems which I shall be passing to my successor to deal with in cooperation with the next Parliament.

The single most important task - both for myself and for the people of this country - which I set out in my Inaugural Address in December 1962 was that of buiIding a united nation on the basis of human equality and dignity. When I addressed the United Nations a year before, 1 also promised that the basis of our nation's actions would be an honest attempt to honour the dignity and equality of man - nationally and internationally. And the theme of unity was my central point when I again addressed Parliament on 25th April 1964, asking for the ratification of the Agreement to unite the two independent countries of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment parliament_speech_1985.pdf

Unity for a New Order 1979, Arusha 1979

Your Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen.
It is my duty and my pleasure to welcome this meeting, and every one of you, to Tanzania and to Arusha. I suspect that some of you may have found that your accommodation gives you too frequent a reminder that this meeting is being held in an under-developed country. I want to assure you that we tried hard! I hope, however, that you will not find your rooms or the facilities so unsatisfactory that you cannot do your work properly. I also hope that there will be an opportunity Tor you to see something of Tanzania. We have a lovely country, and we would like you to enjoy your stay here as well as to serve your countries and the whole Third World.

The Agenda of your Conference is very long; it deals with very important matters. Many technical questions are involved, in which details and percentages can mean the difference between the usefulness or otherwise of a proposal or suggested negotiating position. And these details are the reality of working for a New International Economic Order; unless careful attention is given to them (especially by those entrusted with negotiating power) the Third World demands are mere rhetoric.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment unity_for_a_new_order_1979.pdf

Stability and Change

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen, This is my first visit to the University of Toronto but it is very far from being my first contact with it. People from this University have worked at our University College in Dar es Salaam and in many different sectors of our Government; they have made great contributions to our progress. We have many old and valued friends here: people to whom we are indebted for good service gladly rendered.
Let me begin, therefore, by expressing to this University our appreciation for the co-operation and assistance we have received. You have released good people to work with us, and not just sent the people you could most gladly spare! Let me also say "thank you" to the individuals concerned. They have helped us to implement our policies; they have helped us to see and to understand the problems we are faced with; when we have asked, they have suggested alternative solutions to these problems—though I must hasten to add that they bear no responsibility for our failures.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment stability_and_change.pdf

Arusha Declaration Parliament 1970

Arusha Declaration Parliament 1970, In June, 1965 I came to this House to announce the Dissolution of the Independence Parliament, and in September of that year we had our first election under the One Party State Constitution.

Since then we have made many changes in Tanzania; it is appropriate that, at this last regular meeting of what may be called the Arusha Declaration Parliament, I should remind Members of our purposes and out achievements, as well as mention some of the things which remain to be done.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment arusha_declaration_parliament_1970.pdf

A Time of Struggle 1980

Mr. Speaker and Honourable Members of Parliament.
This is the last session of the current Parliament, and in accordance with the Constitution i have already published the Notice" calling for elections when this Sitting has ended.

In 1975, when this Parliament was elected, the economy of Tanzania was described as being in a worse condition than at any previous time since independence. Unfortunately our troubles did not end that year. The whole Five Years of this Parliament has been a period of difficulties. We have had drought, floods, war, and the problems arising from the break-up of the East African Community. And like all other

Third World countries we have had to face great increases in the price of oil and in the price of manufactured goods. Therefore this Parliament began at a time of difficulties, and it ends at a time of difficulties.
Today I do not intend to give a long description of our progress and our problems during the past five years; nor do I want to survey the statistics of our achievements and future plans.

Full Speech / Statement:

attachment a_time_of_struggle_1980.pdf

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Nyerere Quotes

"[A] man is developing himself when he grows, or earns, enough to provide decent conditions for himself and his family; he is not being developed if someone gives him these things."

Julius Kambarage Nyerere, from his book Uhuru na Maendeleo (Freedom and Development), 1973.

» More Quotes

Listen to the Legacy of Nyerere

Nyerere was reported as saying that he was a "schoolmaster by choice and a politician by accident"

Listen to Nyerere's Wisdom

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Vidoes on Nyerere

Nyerere Videos

Watch video clips, history videos, historical TV footage and documentaries on and about Nyerere

Tanzania National Government Website Mwalimu Nyerere Foundation The Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Academy (MNMA) Nyerere Centre for Peace and Research